A robust 3D mesh watermarking algorithm utilizing fuzzy C-Means clustering
Neveen I. Ghali
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A new robust 3D watermarking algorithm utilizing Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering technique is presented. FCM clusters 3D mesh vertices into suitable and unsuitable choices to insert the watermark without occasioning visible deformation, and also it is tough for the attacker to determine places of the watermark insertion. Two watermarking processes are offered to insert the watermark into 3D mesh models. The ﬁrst process utilizes topical statistical measurements like average and standard deviation in order to alter the values of vertices to secret watermark data into 3D mesh models, however, the second process utilizes a jumbled insertion planning to insert the watermark inside 3D mesh models utilizing the topical statistical measurements and altering 3D mesh vertices together. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is robust. The watermarked 3D mesh models are resistant to several attacks like similarity transforms, noise addition, cropping and mesh smoothing.
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